Mechanized Infantry Combat Vehicle (MICV)

Bundeswehr gunner, infantry fighting vehicle, ifv

Mechanized Infantry Combat Vehicle (MICV) also known as Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV), is a type of armoured fighting vehicle used to carry infantry into battle and provide direct-fire support.

The 1990 Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe defines an infantry fighting vehicle as “an armoured combat vehicle which is designed and equipped primarily to transport a combat infantry squad, and which is armed with an integral or organic cannon of at least 20 millimeters calibre and sometimes an antitank missile launcher”. 

Mechanized Infantry Combat Vehicle (MICV) often serves both as:

  • the principal weapons system; and
  • the mode of transport for a mechanized infantry.

Mechanized Infantry Combat Vehicle (MICV) are distinct from armored personnel carriers (APCs), which are transport vehicles armed only for self-defense and not specifically engineered to fight on their own.[1] 

Mechanized Infantry Combat Vehicle (MICV) are designed to be more mobile than tanks and are equipped with a rapid-firing autocannon or a large conventional gun; they may include side ports for infantrymen to fire their personal weapons while on board.

Mechanized Infantry Combat Vehicle (MICV) rapidly gained popularity with armies worldwide due to a demand for vehicles with high firepower that were less expensive and easier to maintain than tanks. Nevertheless, it did not supersede the APC concept altogether, due to the latter’s continued usefulness in specialized roles. Some armies continue to maintain fleets of both MICVs and APCs.

M2 Bradley

M2 Bradley, or Bradley IFV, is an American infantry fighting vehicle that is a member of the Bradley Fighting Vehicle family