Bomber is combat aircraft designed to attack ground and naval targets by dropping air-to-ground weaponry (such as bombs), launching torpedoes, or deploying air-launched cruise missiles. Major classifications of bomber is:
- Strategic, Strategic Bombingis done by heavy bombers primarily designed for long-range bombing missions against strategic targets to diminish the enemy’s ability to wage war by limiting access to resources through crippling infrastructure or reducing industrial output ; and
- Tactical, Tactical Bombing is aimed at countering enemy military activity and in supporting offensive operations, and is typically assigned to smaller aircraft operating at shorter ranges, typically near the troops on the ground or against enemy shipping.
Bombers needed to avoid detection and more so interception, and to achieve that, Bombers usually equipped with the most advance stealth technology available.
The first use of an air-dropped bomb (it was actually only four hand grenades specially manufactured by the Italian naval arsenal) was carried out by Italian Second Lieutenant Giulio Gavotti on 1 November 1911 during the Italo-Turkish war in Libya – although his plane was not designed for the task of bombing, and his improvised attack on Ottoman positions at Ainzzarra had little impact.
The first use of an aircraft as a bomber was on 16 October 1912, when observer Prodan Tarakchiev dropped two bombs on the Turkish railway station of Karağaç (near the besieged Edirne) from an Albatros F.2 aircraft piloted by Radul Milkov, for the first time in this campaign.
The first heavier-than-air aircraft purposely designed for bombing were the Italian Caproni Ca 30 and British Bristol T.B.8, both in 1913.]
The Bristol T.B.8 was an early British single engined biplane built by the Bristol Aeroplane Company. They were fitted with a prismatic Bombsight in the front cockpit and a cylindrical bomb carrier in the lower forward fuselage capable of carrying twelve 10 lb (4.5 kg) bombs, which could be dropped singly or as a salvo as required